Patterson, K.D. 2013; 8(8): e69586. The Spanish Flu is losing groundWednesday, October 16, 1918, * Only in San Pedro, Coahuila the disease is increasing with up to 100 daily deaths The new coronavirus that causes COVID-19 appears to be most lethal to the elderly, based on early evidence in China.20. *Traffic between Monterrey and Torreón suspended The Spanish flu hit the world in the days before antibiotics were invented; and many deaths, perhaps most, were not caused by the influenza virus itself, but by secondary bacterial infections. Soc. The Russian flu pandemic was a devastating event in itself. Spanish Flu: Death Rates By Country. What becomes clear from this overview are two things: influenza pandemics are not rare, but the Spanish flu of 1918 was by far the most devastating influenza pandemic in recorded history. (2005) suggests that the epidemic originated in New York due to evidence of a pre-pandemic wave of the virus in that city).1. The visualization shows that in many countries life expectancy, which measures the average age of death, doubled from around 40 years or less to more than 80 years. Morens et al (2008) found that during the Spanish flu “the majority of deaths … likely resulted directly from secondary bacterial pneumonia caused by common upper respiratory–tract … Based on this, the low estimate of 17.4 million deaths by Spreeuwenberg et al. More than 100 years before the coronavirus outbreak, the world was ravaged by the Spanish Flu pandemic, which infected an estimated one-third of the global population. (2018) implies that the Spanish flu killed almost 1% (0.95%) of the world population.9, If we rely on the estimate of 50 million deaths published by Johnson and Mueller, it implies that the Spanish flu killed 2.7% of the world population. To better understand this deadly virus, an expert group of researchers and virus hunters set out to search for the lost 1918 virus, sequence its genome, recreate the virus in a highly safe and regulated laboratory setting at CDC, and ultimately study its secrets to better prepare for future pandemics. More recently, between 151,700 and 575,400 people died from the swine flu or … The visualization here shows the available estimates from the different research publication discussed in the following. P. Spreeuwenberg; et al. A 1991 paper revised the mortality as being in the range 24.7-39.3 million. In this regard, the President of the High Council of Health, the doctor and General José María Rodríguez directed a letter to the manager of the Spanish Transatlantic Company, letting him know that the “Alfonso XII” ship will only be accepted in the port of Veracruz where it will be put in quarantine since the rest of the ports in the Gulf do not have the necessary conditions” (…). Mortality was high in people younger than 5 years old, … But the authors suggest that this could be an underestimation and that the true death toll was as high as 100 million.7, The more recent study by Spreeuwenberg et al. The “Spanish Flu” pandemic that was developing at an alarming pace in northeast Mexico has begun to decrease, according to reports obtained from authorized sources. ... That’s the way the country also dealt with it.” Why were older people so resilient to the 1918 pandemic? Their own estimate is 17.4 million deaths.8. It was patchy. In places like Alaska, the Spanish flu exacted a terrible toll. Also referred to as the Bombay Influenza or the Bombay Fever in India, the pandemic is believed to have killed up to 17 - 18 million people in the country, the most among all countries. The black death, at least to begin with. The Spanish flu hit the world in the days before antibiotics were invented; and many deaths, perhaps most, were not caused by the influenza virus itself, but by secondary bacterial infections. All visualizations, data, and code produced by Our World in Data are completely open access under the Creative Commons BY license. This last visualization here shows the life expectancy in England and Wales by age. License: All of Our World in Data is completely open access and all work is licensed under the Creative Commons BY license. Johnson, N.P. 2019 Dec; 9(2): 020421. "That the disease by this name will not take long to arrive at the city, if it is not already there, is something that cannot be doubted; it is natural that the acute pandemic that has attacked the border states causes alarm among us. Gatherer (2009)13 published the estimate of 1.5 million, while Michaelis et al. [If you want to understand this in more detail you find our discussion of it here. 2016 Mar; 22(3): 433–441. This is alarming because the population is between 10,000 and 12,000 persons. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi (2020) – The epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus diseases (COVID-19) in China. (2020) – “Preparedness and Vulnerability of African Countries against Importations of COVID-19: A Modelling Study.” The Lancet (February 20, 2020). As with Spanish flu, no-one was exempt from the virus: the Prime Minister of the UK Boris Johnson was hospitalised with Covid-19 in April 2020 and the President of the United States of America, President Trump, suffered similarly in October. “Reassessing the Global Mortality Burden of the 1918 Influenza Pandemic”. It is said that we are already 800,000 inhabitants of which 20% is in conditions to fight the disease due to health conditions needed to fight any pandemic; therefore, there would be a big percentage that would be easy prey for the disease. "Be that as it may, and regarding the development with which the mentioned disease has invaded the central region, the government must not be left alone with the task of sanitizing the city to prevent the attack. In Emerg Infect Dis. Soc. Published in 2009 by the WHO. * Medications will be brought from the United States. The 1918 flu, known as the Spanish flu after the country’s press were among the first to report on it, killed between 50 and 100 million people around the world. When the flu rampaged through Spain, the Spanish government publicly announced the epidemic. For this reason the Spanish flu has been cited as a warning and as a motivation to prepare well for large pandemic outbreaks, which have been considered likely by many researchers.23. Acad. Roman Duda (2016) – Problem profile: Biorisk reduction. In the last 150 years the world has seen an unprecedented improvement in health. “As a prevention measure and to stop the so-called “Spanish Flu” from propagating to other places in the country, the Ministry has ordered the closure of the Laredo Border Customs Office in Tamaulipas while the risk of infection prevails; once it disappears and the conditions of the place are positive, the reopening of the traffic will be opened in the mentioned office.”. One reason why this pandemic was so devastating was that young people accounted for a large share of the population. Online here. Laredo’s Customs Office Opens (2013) – Age-Specific Mortality During the 1918 Influenza Pandemic: Unravelling the Mystery of High Young Adult Mortality.PLoS One. Two decades before the Spanish flu the Russian flu pandemic (1889-1894) is believed to have killed 1 million people.12, Estimates for the death toll of the “Asian Flu” (1957-1958) vary between 1.5 and 4 million. The Spanish flu infected around 500 million people, about one-third of the world's population. The light green line, for example, represents the life expectancy for children who had reached age 10. Health measures Epidemiological evidence of an early wave of the 1918 influenza pandemic in New York City. Online here. When comparing COVID-19 with the Spanish flu, there are a number of important differences that should be considered: They are not the same disease and the virus causing these diseases are very different. A 2005 estimate put the death toll at 50 million (about 3% of the global population), and possibl… Current estimates for the annual number of deaths from influenza are around 400,000 deaths per year. Online here. What also stands out is how abrupt and damning negative health events can be. Patients die from asphyxiation. OUR DATA: We use the most recent data from these primary sources: WHO, World Bank, UNESCO, CIA and individual country databases for global health and causes of death. While peak mortality was reached in 1918 the pandemic did not end until two years later in late 1920. The sickness had a strong presence in the north of the country and the government implemented drastic measures, such as closing the borders and hosing the streets with creolin – a strong disinfectant – to avoid its propagation. Although the actual origin of the disease was France and then it spread to Spain, it was the Iberic country that informed about the consequences of the pandemic that disseminated due to the mobilization of troops in WWI. In available historical reconstructions (like this one) this decline is not shown. Did you know the coronavirus discovered in China should not be the SARS of 2020? An early estimate from 1927 put global mortality at 21.6 million. Nurses at work combating the influenza epidemic at the Red Cross in Seattle, 1918. Our World in Data is free and accessible for everyone. De no existir previa autorización, queda expresamente prohibida la Publicación, retransmisión, edición y cualquier otro uso de los contenidos, Fernanda Ramírez, Jessica Soto & Fernando Palacios, The pandemic at Havanna – Measures Against Infested Ships, the coronavirus discovered in China should not be the SARS of 2020, El juego de las vacunas y las grillas del gabinete, Los muertes Covid en casa y la hambruna de oxígeno…, "Si no te mata el virus, lo hace el hambre", Ordena gobierno priorizar la producción de oxígeno, Por alta demanda, costo de tanques de oxígeno hasta se triplica, México registra 21 mil 7 contagios en un día: Salud, Las 5 mejores series, poco conocidas, que puedes ver en streaming, Ivanka Trump se muda de Washington a millonario apartamento de Miami, Bernie Sanders reacciona a memes y lanza sudadera con famosa imagen, Video capta a sicarios de empresario y su escolta, desataron balacera en colonia Nápoles, Nuevas restricciones por semáforo rojo en SLP, Elecciones en Querétaro podrían posponerse para septiembre, Muestran a pacientes con tanques de oxígeno en sala de espera, To print a sheet of paper that will be distributed throughout all the Republic which will contain. The pandemic at Havanna – Measures Against Infested Ships Almost exactly 100 years ago, one-third of the world's population found itself infected in a deadly viral pandemic. 45 174–178. The Health delegate in Nuevo Laredo also asserts in a telegram issued to the president of the Department Dr. José María Rodríguez, that the pandemic has continued decreasing and stresses as a meaningful fact that people are attending in short numbers the stores that supply medications to fight the flu. Hist. The appearance of the “Spanish Flu” in our country has acquired alarming characteristics for it is present in several places as a strong pandemic. All of our charts can be embedded in any site. The age-specific mortality seems to be very different. Yesterday, he gave orders for all hosing vehicles of the Public Works Service to work constantly so that, filled with a strong creolin solution, they hose the streets of this city at least twice a day. But it is false to attribute a specific number of deaths to each wave. 50,000,000 deaths / 1,832,196,157 people = 0.02729 And with a death count twice is high: 0.05458. But it is true that the world today is much better connected. The flu weakens all over the countryOctober 14, 1918. Published online 2019 Oct 22. doi: 10.7189/jogh.09.020421 PMCID: PMC6815659 PMID: 31673337 Online here. PMID 30202996. John Paget, Peter Spreeuwenberg, Vivek Charu Robert J Taylor, A Danielle Iuliano, Joseph Bresee, Lone Simonsen, Cecile Viboud,3 and for the Global Seasonal Influenza-associated Mortality Collaborator Network and GLaMOR Collaborating Teams (2019) – Global mortality associated with seasonal influenza epidemics: New burden estimates and predictors from the GLaMOR Project. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00430-009-0118-5 Online here. 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