If no religious instruction is available in accordance with the student’s faith, the student has the right to be excused from religious instruction. In the mid 2000s Islamic factions and parties pushed through a national education bill which required schools to provide students with religious teaching according to their faiths. The recognition of honesty toward the student needs improvement. Here are the curriculum in Indonesia: Those changes of curriculum in Indonesia was done for many considerations. The most of parents are obsessed to make the children become multitalented. The Indonesia education system has developed substantially from the past. Providing textbooks and other school equipment to Indonesia’s 37 million schoolchildren throughout the far-flung archipelago continues to be a significant problem as well, especially in more remote areas. Due to lack of sex education, then when they are teenagers, they are less able to cope with the growth of their hormones. It is because they want their children to study early. This article is written based on keynote presentation of the first author, Ali Nugraha, in the 2011 International Early Childhood Studies Conference: Current Issues in Early Childhood, 11-12 July 2011, in Indonesia University of Education (UPI), Bandung. Only 7 percent of university faculty overall held a Ph.D. in the mid-2000s, although the proportion was greater (11 percent) in state institutions. [Source: Yenni Kwok, New York Times, June 15, 2014 ^+^]. Also, 62.4 percent of girls and 60.9 percent of boys are enrolled in secondary school. In order to enhance the teachers’ knowledge of other religions, the general competence aims for the other religions are cited in the introduction to the curricula for every religion. This act resulted in the construction or repair of nearly 40,000 primary-school facilities by the late 1980s, and literacy rates improved significantly nationwide. There is a shortage of qualified math, science and English teachers. The high rate of dropped out children from school caused the low index quality education in Indonesia. [Ibid], The colonial government greatly limited education in Dutch and the vernaculars, and people were primarily trained for civil service and industrial and health professions. The best universities are mostly in Java. According to data from Ministry of Education in 2010 access to education in Indonesia still needs attention, more than 1.5 million children each year can not continue school. The most reason of dropping  out children from school is because of the economy factor. Questions or comments, e-mail ajhays98@yahoo.com, Education, Health, Energy, Transportation - Education in Indonesia. Though, a perfecteducation in Indonesia spent seventeen years to complete—one year in kindergarten, s… Emboldened by decentralization, which began after the fall of the authoritarian regime of former President Suharto in 1998, local politicians have often pushed a populist, religiously inspired agenda, saying that it could counter social problems including teenage pregnancy and drug abuse. The primary phase follows on after optional pre-school playgroups that may commence in a child’s third … 8 Facts About Education in Timor-Leste By 2001, a year before gaining its independence, 90 percent of schools had been destroyed due to the violence and destruction that ensued from Indonesia’s rule over the country. This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been authorized by the copyright owner. Indonesia applies 9 years compulsory study 7. “Jilbab has become a symbol of Muslim girls, who are supposed to look different from non-Muslim girls.” Ms. Retno, the teachers’ union official, says nobody should be prohibited from wearing a head veil but no one should be forced or coerced to wear one either. Honesty Canteen, Honesty stall, and honesty corner is now exist at schools. That was one of the main reasons for President Yudhoyono’s triumphant re-election in 2009. Other major universities include Catholic University in Bandung and the Institut Pertanian Bogor, in Bogor. ^+^, “Andreas Harsono, Indonesia researcher for Human Rights Watch, who is doing a field study on women’s rights in several provinces, says the imposition of Muslim dress code on public-school students and teachers is now widespread, “from kindergarten to high school.”Implementation can vary: “Sometimes it’s based on the school’s own decision, sometimes it’s the district head’s decree, the mayor’s or the governor’s,” Mr. Harsono said. Depend on a survey that is conducted by PISA (Programme for International Students Assessment) in 2015, the students of Indonesia is the happiest students compared to other students from abroad. Some of the visitor will just be fascinated with the nature without recognizing the education. Professional schools offer “diploma” and “specialist” degrees, the latter graded either “SP1" or “SP2," depending on the level of advancement. At the time of formal independence in 1949, the republic had few schools or university faculties. When it was completed in 1962 to host the Asian Games it’s original capacity was 120,800 people, which would have made it the second largest today. But they are not soldiers; they are educated professionals sent to remote corners of the archipelago to teach as volunteers in some of Indonesia's most impoverished schools. A number of students would rather learn art than study math or physics. The highest illiteracy rates occurred in Papua (23 percent; rural 32 percent and urban 2 percent) and West Nusa Tenggara provinces (18 percent; rural 20 percent and urban 13 percent; Departemen Kesehatan, 2008). Bandung Institute of Technology (Institut Teknologi Bandung) is the top technical university. In Indonesia educations begins with six years of elementary school (sekolah dasar, SD) followed by three years of middle school (sekolah menengah pertama, SMP) followed by three years of high school (sekolah menengah atas, SMA) The system is supervised by the Ministry of National Education (which is respons… Lies said. Although most of them are not the good news, but if you are Indonesian and you care about the education system, you could do some useful contribution to help it. Indonesia consists of hundreds of volcanic islands, making it prone to natural disasters such as hurricanes and earthquakes. About half of those who finish elementary school finish middle school. Text Sources: New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Times of London, Lonely Planet Guides, Library of Congress, Compton’s Encyclopedia, The Guardian, National Geographic, Smithsonian magazine, The New Yorker, Time, Newsweek, Reuters, AP, AFP, Wall Street Journal, The Atlantic Monthly, The Economist, Global Viewpoint (Christian Science Monitor), Foreign Policy, Wikipedia, BBC, CNN, and various books, websites and other publications. Indonesia, officially known as Republic of Indonesia is a country located in the Southeast Asia comprising of 17,508 islands. Indonesia has made great strides in terms of improving its education system during the Reformasi era of democratisation since 1998. On this year of 2013, the curriculum will be changed with an integrative thematic concept applied to elementary, junior high, high school, and vocational school. Recognize Congklak, A Traditional Game From Indonesia. ^+^, “Some schools now hold a daily mass recital of the Koran before formal classes begin. However, the question about how the human resources in Indonesia could be a point too. Indonesia is a vast equatorial archipeago of 17,000 islands extending 5,150 kilometers (3,200 miles) east to west, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans in Southeast Asia. In this effort the government has received considerable support from the World Bank, United Nation agencies, foreign governments, and private foundations. Cheating while doing a test is normally happen Indonesia. [Source: Library of Congress *], By 2008 the staff shortage in Indonesia’s schools was no longer as acute as in the 1980s, but serious difficulties remain, particularly in the areas of teacher salaries, teacher certification, and finding qualified personnel. In 2005 the central government launched a massive plan known in English as the School Operation Fund that pumped billions of rupiah directly into schools. © Factsofindonesia.com -All Right Reserved. By Jill Bartholomew, Junior Writer. Read also: Education Curicculum in Indonesia; Moral Education in Indonesia; 2. 1. The first university was not opened until 1920. Meanwhile the rate for the lack of teachers at city area is just 21 %. In 1950 there were 10 institutions of higher learning with a total of about 6,500 students. Although he is a Muslim, he said he believed that religion belonged in the private sphere and should not be imposed. It lies on the northwest coast of Java at the mouth of the Ciliwung (Liwung River), on Jakarta Bay, and is a major trade and financial center. Especially higher education is directed to the target of students who are able to answer the challenge of modernization. In 1973, nearly 20 percent of youth were illiterate. Before then, public school students and teachers were banned from wearing head veils on school grounds and those who did so could be expelled. Lies and Mr. Tri Agus say they expect public schools to be neutral and to reflect the multicultural heritage of a country that recognizes six religions. In fact, Indonesia … [Source: VOA News, July 19, 2011], Indonesia has a twelve-year public and private education system (primary—grades one through six; junior high school—grades seven through nine; and senior high school—grades ten through twelve). Indonesia was formerly known as the Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies). 10 of 1973, initiated Indonesia's program of compulsory education and by 1984 the government of Indonesia had fully implemented the six year compulsory education for primary school age children (7-12 years). List of 14 Universities in Indonesia for International... 9 Traditional Musical Instruments of South Sulawesi, 9 Traditional Musical Instruments of North Sulawesi, 9 Papuan Traditional Musical Instruments that Sacredly Exist, 9 South Sumatran Traditional Musical Instruments, In 1952s : Rentjana Pelajaran Terurai 1952, In 1999s :Kurikulum 1994 dan Suplemen Kurikulum 1999, In 2006s : Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan. It is not necessarily to go to preschool or higher education such as college—it is purely one’s decision and didn’t affect the education system itself. The ministry of Education also stated that 4 children dropped out from school every minute in Indonesia. That is why the government will never be exhausted to always improve the education system to support their human resource. Indonesian mass education, with a different philosophy, has had the effect of producing more graduates than there are jobs available, even in strong economic times. It was since 2015 the government applied computer based test for national exam. That is why they are categorized as the happiest students. If you are the copyright owner and would like this content removed from factsanddetails.com, please contact me. An amateur content writer. Despite these difficulties, most institutions of higher education receive large numbers of applications; in state institutions, less than one in four applications was accepted in 2004; in private institutions, the acceptance rate was nearly two out of three. You stay at class during 5-7 hours at school and go out for less than forty five minutes of rest time. *, Participants in Indonesia Mengajar, a programme funded by private corporations and run by prominent university educator Anies Baswedan, are given army survival training before being deployed. Under the National Education Law, religious instruction in any one of the six official religions is required when requested by a student. That is why, there are so many Children Labour in Indonesia. In Indonesia, education is identified as an effort planned for establishing an environment for studying and is a process of educating student to ensure that every student is able to develop their potential spiritual and religious level, personality, intelligence, consciousness, creativity and behavior for themselves and for other citizens actively. Mr. Tri Agus, a political communications lecturer at a rural-development college whose wife is Catholic, now sends his daughters to a private Catholic primary school. Indonesia’s most fertile land is on the island of Java. But it does not happen in Indonesia. In Indonesia, all citizens must undertake twelve years of compulsory education which consists of six years at elementary level and three each at middle and high school levels. The drop out rate among poor teenagers doubled to 25 percent after the Asian economic crisis. Although the academic test shows the bad result for Indonesia, but there is a good news for the mental condition or students Indonesia. Each student has the different ability to accept the material. By 1961 the illiteracy rate had dropped to 40 percent from 95 percent in the 1940s and the number of universities increased from 4 to 25. Higher education offered in 2,975 colleges, universities, and other tertiary institutions, with more than 4.2 million students. Yenni Kwok wrote in the New York Times, “ Indonesia has consistently been among the worst performers in the Program for International Student Assessment — the triennial test given to 15- and 16-year-old students from 65 countries by the Organization for Economic Cooperation Development. It was founded in Yogyakarta on December 9, 1949, but was giving its first lectures in early 1946 (when Yogyakarta was the Republican capital). Early sex education is a must nowadays. They substituted the guidelines to “compare various opinions” for the “Communist Party” in the section related to the September 1965 attempted coup. 6 years in primary school and 3 years in junior high school are compulsory. Indonesia human resources is left behind Malaysia which has 20,3% of college graduates. Government programs have given resources to those who need help, and there are many positives in the list of Top 10 Facts About Hunger In Indonesia. Term of Use | Privacy Policy | Adchoices | Disclaimer. Nearly 98 percent of students complete primary school according to United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) estimates in 2001. In Indonesia educations begins with six years of elementary school ( sekolah dasar, SD) followed by three years of middle school ( sekolah menengah pertama, SMP) followed by three years of high school ( sekolah menengah atas, SMA). Taboo of Sex Education. A onetime registration fee (which can be quite high) is determined at the time of entry. On February 2, 1950, in the wake of the war for independence, the government established a state university in Jakarta called Universiteit Indonesia. By 2009 there were 2,975 institutions of higher education and more than 4.2 million students. Angel Rabasa of Rand Corporation wrote: “In Indonesia, religious education in state-run schools is multi-religious. ^+^, “Many parents like Ms. A contemporary literature in Bahasa Indonesia has developed. Its beautiful nature and archipelago seems like become the invitation for a people abroad to visit Indonesia. The time for doing CBT is also limited. The figure plummeted afterwards in part because parents needed their children to help bring in money. Fact 2) […] Under Suharto, history textbooks didn’t mention anything about the estimated half million people slaughter in 1965. However, about 52 percent of all non-teacher-training students enrolled in higher education were social sciences majors in the 2008–9 academic year, while only 3 percent majored in laboratory-intensive fields of study, largely because universities prefer to offer social science courses that do not require expensive laboratories and equipment. Mass education became a major government priority for the next five decades. In Indonesia education is centrally controlled by the ministry of national education. Sukarno studied civil engineering there and formed a study club that grew into the Indonesian Nationalist Party. Teacher-training programs are varied and gradually being upgraded. Universitas Gadjah Mada lays claim to being the oldest Indonesian university. Student–teacher ratios also compare satisfactorily with those in many Asian nations: They were 23.4 to 1 and 18.8 to 1, respectively, for primary and secondary schools in 2004; that same year, the overall averages for Asia-Pacific countries were 22 to 1 and 18 to 1, respectively. They made Indonesians obey laws they did not like, and after many years- in Aug 17, 1945- they declared independence from the Netherlands. Only about a third of students complete high school. The students will have no time to ask the answer to other students or even cheating. “This shows that the majority is always right, while the minority has to adapt.” [Source: Yenni Kwok, New York Times, June 15, 2014 ^+^], “Educators like Ms. Supolo have urged the Education Ministry to take action against the spread of Islamic uniforms and other religious distinctions. The government provides only limited scholarship support for students wishing to attend private universities. Indonesia has a twelve-year public and private education system (primary—grades one through six; junior high school—grades seven through nine; and senior high school—grades ten through twelve). It was composed of units of BPTRI and UVI; the name Universiteit Indonesia was later changed to Universitas Indonesia. Hence, the Portuguese seized the Moluccas, the chief spice-producing region. Top universities include the University of Indonesia in Jakarta and Trisaki University and the Universitas Gajah Mada in Yogyakarta. Every student who belongs to any of the five recognized religions (Islam, Catholic Christianity, Protestant Christianity, Buddhism and Hinduism) is entitled to religious instruction in his or her religion (although a minimum number of students is required before instruction in a particular religion is provided). Adult literacy rate 90.4 percent in 2009. Almost the school in Indonesia has their own school uniform identity (are usually worn in Wednesday and Thursday). Based on Education Development Index reported by UNESCO in 2011, Indonesia is on the 69 th position of its education development. “Muslim schoolgirls now have to wear a jilbab,” Ms. Dewi said. In Indonesia, most of the parents (for the middle economic people) have already sent their children in age 3 or 4. In 2008 primary and secondary education, both private and public, included: 63,444 kindergartens, 144,228 six-year primary schools, 28,777 junior secondary schools, 10,762 general senior secondary schools, and 7,592 vocational senior secondary schools, enrolling total of 45.4 million students taught by 2.9 million teachers. Top 10 Facts About Girls’ Education in Indonesia In Indonesia, students’ enrollment in school seems no longer influenced by gender. Tremendous progress was made toward the goal of universal education under Suharto. Students have been political activists from the 1920s to the present. Beginning under Guided Democracy (1959–65) and strengthened in the New Order after 1975, a key feature of the national curriculum—as was the case for other national institutions—has been instruction in the Pancasila. Indonesia is perfectly safe to visit as a tourist, so don’t let these scary Indonesia facts put your trip on hold. Education in Indonesia The New Order Period; Key points of policy in the field of education in the New Order period were directed to create wider learning opportunities and be balanced with the improvement of education quality. Whereas tuition in such state institutions is more affordable for average students than private-university tuition, faculty salaries are low by international standards. After the 1998 Asian crisis crippled the Indonesian economy, schools imposed fees on parents because of a lack of funding. Among these is the State Muslim University (UIN)—formerly called the State Institute for Islamic Religion (IAIN)—which has been an important venue for progressive debates about Islam. But in each case, “the central government, in this case the Ministry of Education, just lets it happen.” ^+^, “Jilbab, which has become so ubiquitous in Indonesia, became popular only in the post-Suharto years. The sovereign archipelago of Indonesia is on track to rapid urbanization; in fact, it is the largest country in Southeast Asia, the world’s third most populous democracy and is ranked 16th in GDP. That is why there are so many changes in curriculum during 50 years. Compulsory Education: Presidential Instruction Decree No. Hopefully it could help to improve students’ honesty. In a survey by the U.S. State Department in 2000, 95 percent of all respondents said schools should provide more religious instruction for children. 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