In 1900, the first steps were taken by Arthur Griffith, who founded a group called Cumann na nGaedheal. Though the uprising itself had been unpopular with most of the Irish people, these executions excited a wave of revulsion against the British authorities and turned the dead republican leaders into martyred heroes. Home rules greatest opponents had now become government ministers. 4.2. They had gained a reputation that associated them with Militant Nationalism. The history of Ireland is a turbulent one full of mysterious customs, fiery battles and unwavering pride. There were, of course, other events of importance in the years prior to the Easter rebellion, among them the rise and fall of Charles Steward Parnell, the founding of the Land League and its consequences, as well as the several attempts at Home Rule under Gladstone. 4 Answers. Immediate Consequences and Reactions, 4. Both sides came to a truce in 1921. In the first year of the famine, the government under Robert Peel still attempted to help the suffering population my means of relief measures. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. [13] Robert Kee, The Bold Fenian Men, The Green Flag Volume Two (Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin, 1989) 198. 5 1 customer reviews 1 customer reviews 1 Answer. Although this tradition was celebrated in the nationalist discourse of the times, most autonomists had come to view physical force as an anachronistic relic from the past. Get access to our huge, continuously updated knowledge base. The IRA learned from the past they simply could not defeat Britain in another rising. Unionist movements had come together to actively resist the third Home Rule bill in 1912. It occurred during Easter week of that year. The main reason more people began to support Sinn Fein was in 1918 when the British government tried to implement conscription to Ireland. [11] If not stated differently, the information in the following chapters is based on Oonagh Walsh, Ireland's Independence, 1880 – 1923 (London: Routledge, 2002) 42 – 56. How about getting this access immediately? Overall seventy-five were sentenced to death, and two thousand to imprisonment. Nationalist people no longer saw home rule as an option and saw it as too little too late. At the same time details began to emerge of British atrocities, including the … The Political Events after 1916 as a Result of the Easter Rising The rising was an attempt by militant Irish republicans to win independence from Britain by force of arms. In addition, the common people were further discriminated in religious matters, they could only own a limited amount of land and were also not permitted to take on certain professions or receive a higher education. The Real IRA continues to live on, nationalist persecution in Ulster and continued anti-British feeling. In the 1918 general election won seventy-three seats to the IPP’s seven. This had a huge impact in Ireland. The predictable effect of these measures was to increase public sympathy, both for the rebels and their goals. Answer Save. Therefore, Connolly was considered “the major labour figure in twentieth-century Irish history.”[13] As far as the planning of the Rising was concerned, Connolly apparently had no idealistic hopes in a possible success. Easter Rising 1916 Leaving Cert History Revision Presentation Sovereignty and Partition 1912-1949 Favourite answer. We are really sorry but we cannot send the sample immediately. [12] See: “Easter Rising.” Britannica© CD 99, 1994-1998. 4.1. This turned public opinion in Ireland against the British government. This created a new wave of anti-British feeling. The Easter Rising in 1916 We have received your request for getting a sample. This encouraged generations to continue the fight against British occupation. Relevance. Which is exactly why he changed his mind about it, he was only in it for Home Rule to be granted to Ireland however the others who were … Launching brutal retaliatory attacks on civilians. Sinn Fein MPs had carried out their election Promises and refused to take up their seat in Westminster. His answer was partition. 4.4. As Irish support for the war dropped due to anti- British feeling. No problem! One of the masterminds behind the Easter Rising was a man who had already attracted public attention several years before – James Connolly. They believed their forces to be no true match for the British army, and that the chances of succeeding were far too low. The effort put into the organisation should pay off shortly thereafter, because in 1829, Catholic Emancipation was finally approved in form of the “Roman Catholic Relief Act. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. What were the causes of the Easter Rising Essay Sample. Only the users having paid subscription get the unlimited number of samples immediately. What were the consequences of the 1916 Easter rising, The whole doc is available only for registered users. The Easter Rising (Irish: Éirí Amach na Cásca) was a rebellion staged in Ireland in Easter Week, 1916. Black and white postcard of Bachelor's Walk and Lower Sackville Street, Dublin after the 1916 Easter Rising. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible.  (Institute for Anglistics/American Studies). Instead, he believed “that a symbolic strike against the British in Ireland would mobilise support for independence.”[14]. - It only takes five minutes Jump the queue with a membership plan, get unlimited samples and plagiarism results – immediately! We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails. This organisation “would dramatically advance Ireland’s progress towards independence […]”[7] in the future. This development only served to distance most of the Irish from the Government in Britain. What were the short term effects of the 1916 Easter Rising? Broken glass, toppled stone and razed buildings are one element of the physical damage that resulted from the Easter Rising. The rising made Britain realise that it had to compromise and Ulster Unionists they could not continue to have it their own way. PRONI was pleased to host a half-day conference exploring the Easter Rising on 22 April 2016. The aim of this paper will be to show that the Easter Rebellion of 1916 was the crucial event in the history of modern Ireland, and that it profoundly shaped political relations with England for many years afterwards. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Get a custom sample essay written according to your requirements urgent 3h delivery guaranteed. But what was the environmental impact of the rebellion? The war of independence became a war of retaliation. Irish officials enacted Martial law and participated in mass arrests (in addition to executions of leaders) until the fall of 1916. By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. The Easter rising had many long-term consequences such as British Prime Minister Lloyd George having to begin compromising with Republicans. The main effect of the arrests, therefore, was to alienate nationalist opinion. A third element was that the majority of the public was, at least at that time, not supportive of an armed rebellion. It was the most significant uprising in … Then up to May the twelfth a further twelve leaders were shot including James Connolly. Which made it seem more and more likely Ulster would be separated from home rule. However, it was not only the famine itself that caused those disastrous conditions in Ireland. The rising was a symptom of the failure of Home Rule. The rise of Sinn Fein The Anglo-Irish Treaty in. We have received your request for getting a sample.Please choose the access option you need: With a 24-hour delay (you will have to wait for 24 hours) due to heavy workload and high demand - for free, Choose an optimal rate and be sure to get the unlimited number of samples immediately without having to wait in the waiting list, Using our plagiarism checker for free you will receive the requested result within 3 hours directly to your email. The event in question is until today known as the Easter Rising. The rising lead to the arrest of approximately 3,500 Irish men and women despite barely half of that number having actually been involved. Lastly it will be dealt with the consequences of the Easter rebellion, and how it influenced the political proceedings in the years following 1916. In this meeting, strategies for further actions were discussed. Lv 4. It might be considered as the first sign of the continued willingness of the Irish people to fight for their Independence, with the help of armed forces if necessary. Also the eating habits of the common people proved to be troublesome, because during the last part of the 18th century, the potato became the essential element of their diet. Therefore, after the Act of Union, one of the main goals was to repel these laws, and to strengthen the rights of the Catholic population. Easter rising 1916: conflict and consequences. Copying is only available for logged-in users, If you need this sample for free, we can send it to you via email. Fearghal McGarry (Queen's University, Belfast) - The outcome of the Rising; Tim Bowman (University of Kent) – The British Army in the Rising; Would you like to get such a paper? After the Rising. 1916: The Rising and its impact For many Irish people the Easter Rising was a bolt from the blue but its roots can be traced back over the … The Easter Rising took place in Dublin, and a few outposts across the country, between Monday 24 April and Sunday 29 April, 1916. When the treaty was brought back to the Dail it caused a bitter split erupting in civil war. The occurrence in question is the founding and the later activities of the so called Fenian Movement. Soon, the poorer Irish hardly cultivated anything except potatoes on their land, which eventually lead to catastrophic events in the years 1845-1850, known as the Great Potato Famine. [11][12] The preparation itself was my no means a smooth process, and was interspersed with difficulties, which will be explained in the following chapter. The General Election in 1918 and its Consequences Although the rising was easily suppressed, it galvanised the Irish people in opposition to the government in London. The surrender of the rebels who were involved in the Easter Rising in April 1916 resulted in many consequences. The Act of Union bound both countries together as one, deepening political relations and forcing the people on both sides to get acquainted practically overnight[1]. These restrictions were recorded in the so called Penal Laws. Then on the twenty second of January 1919 the IRA attacked two policemen in the RIC. Or if you need this sample for free, we can send it to you via email. Another major step was the re-emerging of the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB), and the creation of the Irish Volunteers (IV) in 1913. Then up to May the twelfth a further twelve leaders were shot including James Connolly. Preparation and British Interference The Easter Rising and its Downfall The Irish Volunteers were a military group formed in 1913 and its members accounted for the largest number of men who were called out on Easter Monday. Within four days of the rising Thomas Clarke, Padraig Pearse and Thomas Mc Donagh were executed by firing squad on May the third. When the rising broke out on Easter Monday 1916, it was destined to be a much smaller affair than what had originally been planned. The big immediate consequence of the Easter rising was the execution of the leaders. They therefore signed the Anglo -Celt treaty in December 1921. Home rule was now dead. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Easter rising heavily influenced the political relations between Ireland and England during the years that followed, and was the foundation stone of Ireland’s militant fight for independence. As Ireland commemorates the centennial of the Easter Rising, this course will investigate the causes, planning, implementation, and consequences of the 1916 rebellion. Not only did they loose the parliament in Dublin, but the former members now also had to take their seats at Westminster. More than 90 people were sentenced to death for their part in the Easter Rising. Source based activities on the Consequences of the Easter Rising for 1-9 GCSE students. The immediate results caused by the surrender of the Rising … Save for later. During those horrible years, the population of Ireland decreased steadily through starvation, sickness and emigration, and by 1855 about two million people had been lost. When the British government sent in the black and Tans as a response. In 1912, he and James Larkin had founded the Irish Labour Party and had worked on improving the conditions for the working class. 4.3. Have not found what you were looking for? XxEllexX. After … This worksheet is a standalone resource that assesses a range of source material relating to the immediate consequences of the Easter Rising of 1916. On Easter Monday, the 24 April 1916, a siege was organized that lasted only for 5 days and ended in a massacre. The Dail Eireann was set up and the war of independence was an indirect consequence to the rising. Instead, “[t]he major part of Irish property was held by a small number of landed families [….] The British government also added to the worsening situation of the Irish peasants. - Publication as eBook and book Encyclopædia. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Sinn Fein led a huge campaign against this. The Anglo-Irish War from 1919-1921 David Lloyd George was under pressure from the British public to do something. This started the Ira’s war of independence. However, the consequences of this comparatively small act of revolution were enormous. In 1846, though, when John Russell became Prime Minister, the way the problem was treated changed dramatically. It was probably one of the most important occurrences in Irish history, and it shaped the future of the country for many years to come, all the way until the present time. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. Therefore, only one other event will be further explained here because of its importance for the developments after the Easter rising. While many of these were later relased, 170 rebels were court-martialled and between the 3rd and 12th of May, 16 rebels were executed including all seven signatories of the proclamation. Support for the home rule party was in rapid decline. Wrote up shape of Irish property was held by a small number of short-term consequences of the Easter.... Original … there were a number of short-term consequences of the Easter Rising the. Ulster and continued anti-British feeling Monday 24th 1916 100 republican men marched on 1st. 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