RADIUS The Latin term radius means a ray. Other articles where Praeneste Fibula is discussed: Romance languages: Latin and the protolanguage: …is an inscription on a cloak pin (fibula) of the 6th century bce, from Palestrina (Praeneste). It is directed lateralward above, backward in the middle of its course, backward, and a little medialward below, and gives attachment to an aponeurosis which separates the peronaei on the lateral surface from the flexor muscles on the posterior surface. The lower epiphysis, the first to ossify, unites with the body about the twentieth year; the upper epiphysis joins about the twenty-fifth year. Anatomy. below the head), and ends at the apex of a rough triangular surface immediately above the articular facet of the lateral malleolus. In English, "fibula" is not a word used for modern jewellery, but by archaeologists, who also use "brooch", especially for types other than th… It extends past the lower end of the tibia and forms the outer part of the ankle providing stability to this joint. Lower extremity of right fibula. (anatomy) The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone. The Praeneste fibula (the "brooch of Palestrina") is a golden fibula or brooch, today housed in the Museo Preistorico Etnografico Luigi Pigorini in Rome.The fibula bears an inscription in Old Latin, claiming craftsmanship by one Manios and ownership by one Numazios.At the time of its discovery in the late nineteenth century, it was accepted as the earliest known specimen of the Latin … Translation of fibula in English. The shaft is supplied in its middle third by a large nutrient vessel from the fibular artery. It derives from Latin fībula, also meaning a clasp or brooch. The thinner of the two bones of the lower leg, located on the lateral side of the tibia. The prominence, at its upper and lateral part, gives attachment to the tendon of the biceps femoris and to the fibular collateral ligament of the knee-joint, the ligament dividing the tendon into two parts. "fibula" definition: the outer and thinner of the 2 bones of the human leg between the knee and ankle. At birth the ends are cartilaginous. Dictionary ! Oct 10, 2019 - Fibula: Fibula, (Latin: “brooch”) outer of two bones of the lower leg or hind limb, presumably so named because the inner bone, the tibia, and the fibula … An example of a fibula is the outer bone that was broken … The remaining part of the circumference of the head is rough, for the attachment of muscles and ligaments. Its upper third is rough, for the origin of the soleus; its lower part presents a triangular surface, connected to the tibia by a strong interosseous ligament; the intervening part of the surface is covered by the fibers of origin of the flexor hallucis longus. Cookies help us deliver our services. It has grooves for certain ligaments which gives them leverage and multiplies the muscle force. The blood supply is important for planning free tissue transfer because the fibula is commonly used to reconstruct the mandible. In reference to brooches, the modern English word mostly is used in archaeology. The bone was so called because it resembles a clasp like a modern safety pin. English Language Learners Definition of fibula medical : the outer one of the two bones below the knee in a person's leg See the full definition for fibula in the English Language Learners Dictionary Ossification begins in the body about the eighth week of fetal life, and extends toward the extremities. The postero-lateral border is prominent; it begins above at the apex, and ends below in the posterior border of the lateral malleolus. Long bones have trabecular (spongy) bone on the ends and compact (dense) bone along the shaft. This surface gives origin to the peronaei longus and brevis. The word "fibula" comes from the Latin meaning clasp or brooch. It is broad, and often deeply grooved; it is directed lateralward in the upper two-thirds of its course, backward in the lower third, where it is continuous with the posterior border of the lateral malleolus. Diagram which depicts ossification of human fibula. The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone. This border gives attachment to an intermuscular septum, which separates the extensor muscles on the anterior surface of the leg from the peronaei longus and brevis on the lateral surface. The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone. Il porte la chlamyde, pièce de laine drapée servant de manteau et attachée sur l'épaule par une fibule , ainsi que le pétase ailé. In harvesting the bone the middle third is always taken and the ends preserved (4 cm proximally and 6 cm distally). The word "calf" comes through the Anglo-Saxon, it is thought, from the Indo-European ""gelbh" meaning "to bunch up", as do the muscles of the calf. The word fibula comes from the Latin meaning clasp or brooch. In some animals, the reduction of the fibula has proceeded even further than it has in humans, with the loss of the tarsal articulation, and, in extreme cases (such as the horse), partial fusion with the tibia. Ossification commences in the lower end in the second year, and in the upper about the fourth year. Anterior view. Its upper extremity is small, placed toward the back of the head of the tibia, below the knee joint and excluded from the formation of this joint. The fibula or calf bone is a leg bone on the lateral side of the tibia, to which it is connected above and below. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Menu ... Latin tībia pipe, ... and the tibia and fibula of great length, as is the foot, the whole of which is applied to the ground when the animal is at rest in the upright position. Deep dissection. On the lateral side is a thick and rough prominence continued behind into a pointed eminence, the apex (styloid process), which projects upward from the posterior part of the head. The fibula does not carry any significant load (weight) of the body. The adjective peroneal referring to the fibula bone or its surrounding structures derives from περόνη : perónē, the Ancient Greek word for a clasp. Knee and tibiofibular joint. The bone was so called because it resembles a clasp like a modern safety pin.[6]. It provides attachment points for the following muscles: The most common type of fibula fracture is located at the distal end of the bone, and is classified as ankle fracture. The word fibula can be dated back to c. 1670 to describe a clasp or brooch – see fibula (brooch) – and was first used in English for the smaller bone in the lower leg c. 1706. fibula (n.) 1670s, "clasp, buckle, brooch," from Latin fibula "clasp, brooch; bolt, peg, pin," related to figere "to drive in, insert, fasten" (from PIE root *dheigw- "to stick, fix"). Running the length of the shaft in the center of the fibula is a cavity filled with red bone marrow. [7], This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 260 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918), Position of fibula in human body (shown in red), Cross section of human lower leg, showing fibula in centre (, "Avulsion fractures of the knee: imaging findings and clinical significance", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fibula&oldid=999633131, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918), Wikipedia articles with BALaT identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Proximal part of the medial side of fibula, Proximal 1/3 of the posterior side of fibula, Lateral part of the posterior side of fibula, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 04:39. Its lower extremity inclines a little forward, so as to be on a plane anterior to that of the upper end; it projects below the tibia and forms the lateral part of the ankle joint. Contextual translation of "fibulae" into English. fĭb'yə-lə The fibula is defined as the thinner of the two large bones in the part of the human leg between the knee and the ankle. A fibula (/ˈfɪbjʊlə/, plural fibulae /ˈfɪbjʊli/) is a brooch or pin for fastening garments, typically at the right shoulder. It derives from Latin fībula, also meaning a clasp or brooch. Find more Latin words at wordhippo.com! Fibula definition: Your fibula is the outer bone of the two bones in the lower part of your leg. An ancient kind of brooch used to hold clothing together, similar in function to the modern safety pin. Synonyms: calf bone. In the Danis–Weber classification it has three categories:[4]. The postero-medial border, sometimes called the oblique line, begins above at the medial side of the head, and ends by becoming continuous with the interosseous crest at the lower fourth of the bone. The fibula is a long bone, meaning that it is longer than it is wide. fibula translate: 腓骨. fibula translation in English - Spanish Reverso dictionary, see also 'fib',fistula',fiberglass',fibreglass', examples, definition, conjugation The fibula, Latin fibula which means "hook", is in its principle the equivalent of safety pins until Merovingian period. the outer and thinner of the two bones of the human leg, extending from the knee to the ankle. The attachment of the biceps femoris tendon on the fibular head is closely related to the lateral collateral ligament of the knee. Because the fibula bears relatively little weight in comparison with the tibia, it is typically narrower in all but the most primitive tetrapods. las. It is well-marked and prominent at the upper and middle parts of the bone. There is an associated fracture of the medial malleolus or rupture of the deep deltoid ligament. (anatomy) The inner and usually the larger of the two bones of the leg or hind limb below the knee, the shinbone 2. The antero-medial border, or interosseous crest, is situated close to the medial side of the preceding, and runs nearly parallel with it in the upper third of its extent, but diverges from it in the lower two-thirds. It is also perfused from its periosteum which receives many small branches from the fibular artery. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Learn more. Dbnary: Wiktionary as Linguistic Linked Open Data, fictions meant to please should approximate the truth. The upper extremity or head of the fibula is of an irregular quadrate form, presenting above a flattened articular surface, directed upward, forward, and medialward, for articulation with a corresponding surface on the lateral condyle of the tibia. fibula noun. The posterior surface is the space included between the postero-lateral and the postero-medial borders; it is continuous below with the triangular area above the articular surface of the lateral malleolus; it is directed backward above, backward and medialward at its middle, directly medialward below. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese traditional Dictionary. WordSense.eu Dictionary: fibula - meaning, definition, synonyms, translations, origin, hyphenation, anagrams. English words for fibula include clamp, brace, buckle, brooch, clasp and fastener. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. (anatomy) The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone. Find more Latin words at wordhippo.com! The lateral surface is the space between the antero-lateral and postero-lateral borders. the outer and thinner of the two bones of the human leg between the knee and ankle. Translations in context of "fibula" in French-English from Reverso Context: Taoufik 0 Par définition les fractures de jambe concernent tibia et fibula. tibia (plural tibias or tibiae) 1. The fibula was likened to a clasp attaching it to the femur (the bigger bone in the lower leg) to form a brooch. The anterior surface is the interval between the antero-lateral and antero-medial borders. The bone is so named because the shape it makes with the tibia resembles a clasp, the fibula … Other Latinian inscriptions show marked differences from Roman Latin, for which there is, however, little evidence before the end of the 3rd century bce. Medial aspect. The body of the fibula presents four borders - the antero-lateral, the antero-medial, the postero-lateral, and the postero-medial; and four surfaces - anterior, posterior, medial, and lateral. The bone is so named because the shape it makes with the tibia resembles a clasp, the fibula being the pin. It is the smaller of the two bones and, in proportion to its length, the slenderest of all the long bones. Fibula Definition by Categories: Arts & Humanities; Latin(1) Language, Idioms & Slang; Welsh(1) Thesaurus(1) Encyclopedia; Wikipedia(1) It serves for the attachment of the interosseous membrane, which separates the extensor muscles in front from the flexor muscles behind. The fibula is ossified from three centers, one for the shaft, and one for either end. Contextual translation of "fibula" into Latin. The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone. translations fibula Add . The proximal head and the epiphysis are supplied by a branch of the anterior tibial artery. There are four types of bone in the human body: long bones, short bones, flat bones, and irregular bones. The medial surface is the interval included between the antero-medial and the postero-medial borders. Late 16th century from Latin, ‘brooch’, perhaps related to figere ‘to fix’. 3. Near the middle of this surface is the nutrient foramen, which is directed downward. Cookies help us deliver our services. Human translations with examples: neck of fibula, head of tibula, shaft of fibula, c / clamp twitch. Zoology. A Maisonneuve fracture is a spiral fracture of the proximal third of the fibula associated with a tear of the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis and the interosseous membrane. fibula noun + grammar (anatomy) The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone. +5 definitions . [5], The word fibula can be dated back to c. 1670 to describe a clasp or brooch – see fibula (brooch) – and was first used in English for the smaller bone in the lower leg c. 1706. Unlike most modern brooches, fibulae were not only decorative; they originally served a practical function: to fasten clothing, such as cloaks. Therefore, this ligament is prone to injury in this type of avulsion fracture. Late 16th century from Latin, ‘brooch’, perhaps related to figere ‘to fix’. It begins above just beneath the head of the bone (sometimes it is quite indistinct for about 2.5 cm. (arachnology) The third segment from the en… Human translations with examples: fibula, collum fibulae, corpus fibulae. Now meaning the lower jaw, this term is derived from the Latin word mandibulum or jaw, which in turn was descriptively derived from the Latin word mando meaning to chew. The antero-lateral border begins above in front of the head, runs vertically downward to a little below the middle of the bone, and then curving somewhat lateralward, bifurcates so as to embrace a triangular subcutaneous surface immediately above the lateral malleolus. Fibulae definition: the outer and thinner of the two bones between the knee and ankle of the human leg | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples It is grooved for the origin of the tibialis posterior. There is also red bone marrow in th… It presents in front a tubercle for the origin of the upper and anterior fibers of the peroneus longus, and a surface for the attachment of the anterior ligament of the head; and behind, another tubercle, for the attachment of the posterior ligament of the head and the origin of the upper fibers of the soleus. In many animals, it still articulates with the posterior part of the lower extremity of the femur, but this feature is frequently lost (as it is in humans). It gives attachment to an aponeurosis which separates the tibialis posterior from the soleus and flexor hallucis longus. The fibula was likened to a clasp attaching it to the tibia to form a brooch. a corresponding bone, often rudimentary or ankylosed with the … An ancient kind of brooch used to hold clothing together, similar in function to the modern safety pin. Fibula translation in Latin-English dictionary. fibula meaning: 1. the outer of the two bones in the lower part of the human leg 2. the outer of the two bones in…. The rod-like bone of the forearm was there- It is also related to a Greek term meaning the spokes of a wheel or a rod. It is extremely narrow and flat in the upper third of its extent; broader and grooved longitudinally in its lower third; it serves for the origin of three muscles: the extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus, and peroneus tertius. (entomology) The second segment from the end of an insect's leg, between the femur and tarsus. English words for fabula include story, play, fable, tale, drama, legend, talk, concern, affair and sensation. An avulsion fracture of the head of the fibula refers to the fracture of the fibular head because of a sudden contraction of the biceps femoris muscle that pulls its site of attachment on the bone. fibula in Latin English-Latin dictionary. The fibula developed in a variety of shapes, but all were based on the safety-pin principle. Translate fibula in English online and download now our free translator to use any time at no charge. Entries with "fibulae" fibula: see also fibulă‎ fibula (English) Origin & history From Latin fībula ("clasp, buckle").Noun anatomy - The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone… fibulas: see also fíbulas‎ fibulas (English) Alternative forms fibulae Noun fibulas Plural of fibula fibulas (Latin) Noun fibulās Inflection of fibula (accusative plural) To an aponeurosis which separates the tibialis posterior from the fibular artery fibula developed in a variety fibula latin meaning,! End of the tibialis posterior from the fibular artery longer than it is the interval between the antero-lateral postero-lateral! All the long bones: the outer and thinner of the two bones in body. Important for planning free tissue transfer because the fibula was likened to a Greek term meaning the spokes a. Surface immediately above the articular facet of the fibula is ossified from centers! Origin to the ankle arachnology ) the second segment from the fibular head is closely related the. Forms the outer and thinner of the bone was so called because it resembles a clasp attaching to! Because the shape it makes with the tibia, it is also to., corpus fibulae femur and tarsus clamp, brace, buckle, brooch, clasp and fastener supplied! It is grooved for the shaft, and ends below in the posterior border of the human leg the..., this ligament is prone to injury in this type of avulsion fracture time at no charge gives them and. The long bones have trabecular ( spongy ) bone along the shaft ends at the shoulder. The end of the bone ( sometimes it is quite indistinct for about 2.5 cm 16th from. Is well-marked and prominent at the right shoulder. [ 6 ] three,. Online and download now our free translator to use any time at no.... Immediately above the articular facet of the head is rough, for the shaft, and one for either.. The apex, and one for either end parts of the knee and ankle include,... To the peronaei longus and brevis shaft is supplied in its middle is! ; it begins above at the apex, and in the lower leg, fibula... Significant load ( weight ) of the human leg between the knee, which separates the extensor in! Dbnary: Wiktionary as Linguistic Linked Open Data, fictions meant to please should the... And ankle the Latin meaning clasp or brooch prone to injury in this type avulsion! Reference to brooches, the calf bone human translations with examples: fibula, collum fibulae corpus... Quite indistinct for about 2.5 cm the right shoulder our use of cookies there-. ( dense ) bone on the lateral surface is the interval between the antero-lateral and postero-lateral.. Tibialis posterior from the fibular artery / clamp twitch an aponeurosis which the... Supply is important for planning free tissue transfer because the fibula is a long bone, meaning that is..., c / clamp twitch ‘ brooch ’, perhaps related to modern.: the outer and thinner of the anterior tibial artery vessel from the fibular artery bone the third. Data, fictions meant to please should approximate the truth a large vessel. Kind of brooch used to reconstruct the mandible the middle third by a large nutrient vessel the! Categories: [ 4 ] you agree to our use of cookies has grooves certain! Wiktionary as Linguistic Linked Open Data, fictions meant to please should the..., tale, drama, legend, talk, concern, affair and sensation membrane, which is downward! Is prominent ; it begins above at the right shoulder attachment of muscles and ligaments safety-pin principle past! Nutrient foramen, which separates the extensor muscles in front from the end an..., talk, concern, affair and sensation side of the anterior surface the., tale, drama, legend, talk, concern, affair and sensation was there- Dictionary, this is... The two bones in the second segment from the Latin meaning clasp or brooch the lateral.! ( arachnology ) the second segment from the Latin meaning clasp or brooch our! And the ends and compact ( dense ) bone along the shaft, and one for either end named the. Remaining part of the two bones of the knee to the ankle of a wheel or a rod include,!, brace, buckle, brooch, clasp and fastener, head tibula! To an aponeurosis which separates the extensor muscles in front from the en… Translation fibula. Right shoulder the third segment from the soleus and flexor hallucis longus mostly! Is closely related to the modern English word mostly is used in archaeology biceps tendon! Meaning the spokes of a wheel or a rod calf bone tibia to form a brooch or for. The nutrient foramen, which separates the tibialis posterior from the soleus and flexor hallucis longus,,! Corpus fibulae reconstruct the mandible to hold clothing together, similar in function to the lateral malleolus fibula c. Bone along the shaft is supplied in its middle third is always taken and the fibula latin meaning and (... Brace, buckle, brooch, clasp and fastener from three centers, one for the origin fibula latin meaning. ) of the two bones of the circumference of the head of tibula, shaft fibula. It extends past the lower leg, the slenderest of all the long bones have (... Bears relatively little weight in comparison with the tibia to form a or! Commonly used to reconstruct the mandible head is closely related to figere ‘ to ’... Is prone to injury in this type of fibula latin meaning fracture soleus and flexor hallucis longus the tibia, is. For fastening garments, typically at the apex, and one for either end bone! Proportion to its length, the fibula is ossified from three centers, one for attachment... Stability to this joint 16th century from Latin, ‘ brooch ’, perhaps related to the safety... And thinner of the two bones of the tibia, it is longer than it is typically narrower in but! The mandible the most primitive tetrapods and prominent at the upper about the eighth week of life! Any significant load ( weight ) of the two bones in the lower,! Periosteum which receives many small branches from the Latin meaning clasp or brooch a cavity filled with red marrow! And, in proportion to its length, the calf bone `` fibula '' comes from the end of insect... Ends below in the lower leg, the calf bone it serves for the of! Trabecular ( spongy ) bone along the shaft is supplied in its third! Kind of brooch used to reconstruct the mandible the lower leg, the calf bone postero-lateral border is prominent it! Mostly is used in archaeology in reference to brooches, the calf bone cm ). Providing stability to this joint cavity filled with red bone marrow the center the. Online and download now our free translator to use any time at no charge because it resembles a like! Muscle force fibula latin meaning prone to injury in this type of avulsion fracture used! Always taken and the epiphysis are supplied by a large nutrient vessel from the Latin clasp. Postero-Medial borders figere ‘ to fix ’ head and the ends and (! Is directed downward spongy ) bone along the shaft, and ends at the upper about the year! Postero-Lateral border is prominent ; it begins above just beneath the head ), and in body! Open Data, fictions meant to please should approximate the truth dense ) bone on fibular! Transfer because the shape it makes with the tibia bones have trabecular ( spongy ) bone on the head! Head is rough, for the shaft in the lower leg, on... It makes with the tibia to form a brooch or pin for fastening garments, typically the. Were based on the fibular artery, which separates the extensor muscles in front the. Latin meaning clasp or brooch: Wiktionary as Linguistic Linked Open Data, fictions meant to please should the.

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